There are two types of wrinkles on the human face: functional wrinkles, which are formed by the muscles of mimicry, and static wrinkles, which are formed by the muscles of mimicry.
Botulinum toxin injections are used to correct or prevent the appearance of functional wrinkles.
Botulinum toxin is a neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum that blocks the transmission of nerve impulses from the peripheral nervous system to the muscle. This makes the muscle immobile, causing paralysis. When the muscle relaxes, existing wrinkles in the skin are smoothed out and the formation of new wrinkles is stopped.
In aesthetic medicine, botulinum toxin is used to correct facial wrinkles:
The effect of Botulinum Toxin Injection on mimic wrinkles becomes apparent 3-5 days after injection. The durability of the results of this procedure depends on the individual body’s reactions, with the best results lasting between three and six months. When the effects of botulinum toxin begin to fade, muscle reactions and wrinkles return. When to repeat the treatment is decided on an individual basis, but it is recommended to repeat the treatment no more than every 3 months. Co-morbid conditions, adherence to the specialist’s recommendations, as well as the individual body’s response to treatment, have a significant impact on treatment outcomes.
The procedure is simple and safe, as long as it is carried out by a doctor who understands the anatomy and physiology of facial muscles. Between 6 and 15 injections are made with fine needles at suitable points on the face. The procedure is painless and the person can immediately go about their daily activities.